Yemen confronts multifaceted challenges stemming from years of conflict, displacement, food insecurity, and climate change. Ranked 183rd out of 191 countries on the UN Human Development Index, Yemen is the poorest nation in the Middle East and North Africa. The ongoing civil war has claimed more than 400,000 lives, displaced 4.5 million people, and left 21 million Yemenis reliant on humanitarian assistance to survive. The conflict has debilitated essential services, pushing institutions to their limits and yet Yemen stands at the threshold of positive change with a potential path toward peace. Yemen’s challenges are compounded by the intensifying impacts of climate change.
USAID’s assistance supports the Yemeni people by fostering resilience, restoring stability, and improving the lives of Yemeni citizens. Providing both humanitarian and development assistance, USAID works with international and local partners to provide life-saving support, rebuild key social and economic institutions, and build the foundation for a durable peace. USAID implements programs that foster economic growth, enhance maternal and child health, build clean drinking water and sanitation facilities, facilitate education for out-of-school children, and strengthen reconciliation and governance at local and national levels.
As the largest humanitarian assistance donor to Yemen, USAID works to reduce the risk of famine and severe malnutrition, communicable disease outbreaks, and reduce life-threatening effects of Yemen’s conflict and economic crises. USAID’s health, WASH, nutrition, and food security programs work to prevent famine and severe malnutrition in areas most at risk of famine. With millions facing dire food insecurity, USAID provides food assistance, largely through Title II funding. USAID prioritizes communities in emergency and catastrophic levels of food insecurity. USAID also advocates to protect civilians and civilian infrastructure, commercial imports, and humanitarian access to vulnerable communities in Yemen.
DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND GOVERNANCE
USAID activities operate at the district and community levels to strengthen local institutions, organizations, and actors to meet citizens’ needs and foster social cohesion. All activities are inclusive, integrating women, youth and other marginalized groups into the development and implementation of initiatives including small grants advancing peace and women’s empowerment at the local level and community service delivery projects.
ECONOMIC GROWTH AND TRADE
USAID supports the Central Bank of Yemen and the Ministry of Finance in instituting the macroeconomic reforms needed to stabilize the economy and support trade. USAID partners with the Central Bank of Yemen to institute macroeconomic reforms to stabilize Yemen’s fragile economy and function as an independent institution to manage its money supply and foreign exchange reserves and regulate private banks. Support to the Ministry of Finance improves budget planning and revenue generation while assistance to Yemen’s port authorities helps enhance the flow of goods within, into, and out of Yemen. USAID programs have also enabled Yemenis to improve their economic security by improving fish and farm productivity and market linkages that support small and medium-sized enterprises and increase employment and income.
USAID is reaching the most vulnerable children in Yemen by providing critical support to the country’s education system. In partnership with the Ministry of Education, USAID’s education programming addresses the immediate needs of education service delivery and the long-term objective of rebuilding the country’s education system. USAID trains teachers, provides schools with educational equipment and teaching and learning materials, and supports classroom-based learning for out-of-school children. To prevent school dropouts, USAID has developed remedial and accelerated, non-formal education classes, and distance and home learning programs to support students whose schools closed due to insecurity, disease outbreaks, and climate shocks.
USAID supports local partners to improve reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health and nutrition services and to strengthen the country’s health sector. USAID builds capacity within Yemen’s health systems at the community and primary care level, provides essential supplies and equipment to health centers and hospitals, reduces structural and individual-level barriers to accessing care, and spreads awareness messages to encourage vaccination and curb the spread of communicable diseases.
WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE (WASH)
USAID improves access to safe water and sanitation systems for vulnerable Yemenis and increases knowledge of hygiene practices. More than 15 million people in Yemen do not have access to basic water and sanitation. USAID helps rehabilitate water systems, installs solar powered pumping stations and distribution networks, repairs sewage network pipelines, builds household latrines, and rehabilitates WASH facilities in schools. USAID is also building the institutional capacity of water and sanitation service providers to operate and maintain service delivery over the long term.
For more information visit: www.usaid.gov/yemen