Sections & Offices

On these pages you will find more about the U.S. Embassy:

In Yemen, 73 percent of the population lives in rural areas, where most are employed in agriculture and herding.  Poverty levels are high, with 45 percent of the population living on less than $2 per day.  USAID cooperates with Yemen’s Ministry of Agriculture to provide extension services that educate farmers about improved production and marketing practices.  Focusing on particularly vulnerable communities, USAID seeks to improve livelihoods and expand economic opportunities and basic services.

Yemen’s education indicators are dismal – comparable to those of many sub-Saharan countries in Africa and lower than all other Middle Eastern countries.  Only 30 percent of Yemeni women are literate, compared with 70 percent of men. Access to quality education in many parts of Yemen is still a significant problem. USAID is making substantial investments to support increased access and quality to basic education.

Yemen’s health indicators are among the worst in world. The fertility rate is 6 births per woman, the population growth rate is 3.1%, maternal mortality rate is 365/100,000, and infant mortality rate is 74/1000 live births. To improve the Yemeni population’s access to quality health services, particularly in remote areas, USAID renovates health clinics and housing for health providers, provides basic medical equipment to health facilities, trains midwives and doctors to improve emergency obstetric and pre- and postnatal care, improves counseling services, and promotes improved health practices.

The overarching goal of USAID’s strategy for Yemen is to increase stability through targeted interventions in highly vulnerable areas of the country.  In September 2009, USAID signed a three-year, $121 million Assistance Agreement with Yemen’s Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation that providing a legal framework for USAID’s assistance.  Under this agreement, USAID and the Yemeni government agreed to cooperate on improving the livelihoods of citizens in targeted communities and enhancing governance.

USAID’s new approach will involve development programs that are tailored to address the drivers of instability in specific areas of the country.  The programs are designed to respond quickly and directly to the articulated needs and frustrations of communities in the most unstable areas.  To support long-term stability and the sustainability of USAID’s community-level interventions, USAID is supporting responsive governance.  Improved government policies and enhanced official capacity will support initiatives at the community level while enhancing government efficacy.

In order to effectively implement the new strategy, USAID has invested in a robust monitoring effort to develop and verify baseline data, to continuously monitor performance metrics and to assess outcomes against overall impact on stabilization.  Access to such information supports USAID’s management of its assistance to Yemen while facilitating accountability and coordination with communities, government and other development partners.